【Love traveling: World heritage in Mexico】Tours round Maya's historical sites, Tulum

Hello everyone!

I wrote about Chichen Itza as a heritage which symbolizes Maya’s civilization in my previous article.

【Love traveling: World heritage in Mexico】Tours round Maya's historical sites, Chichen Itza

 

I am going to write about anoter Mayan heritage, Tulum.

You can get there very easily from Playa Del Carmen since there are bans which go there and come back. You don’t need to transfer.

I went to Tulum by a bus from a cenote, I dove into cenotes morning on that day.

It was a really great day, I did spent such a productive day! 

If you don’t know what cenote is, just please check this.

 

【Love Traveling:Cenote Diving】Absolutely recommend! Amazing view in Playa del Carmen

 

■ Tulum 

Now I am going to write about the history of Tulum. Tulum was a city that prospered during the 13~15 century.

It is said that Tulum was created by Maya and became a city for about 70 years after the Spanish invaded. But it came to an end due to the immigration’s infection from Spain.

There were about 1,000~1,600 people in this city (reference to Wikipedia).

There are signs of Tulum heritage after paying the entrance fee and walking for a while. This sign shows the Wind temple.

I felt like I was in a jungle.

The word “Tulum” has the meaning of “wall” or “barricade” and I actually saw the walls surrounding Tulum city and people have to go through tunnels to enter the city.

www.youtube.com

In Chichen Itza, there are big main heritages around the area. But in Tulum, if you watch the video, you can find out there are similar-looking buildings are sprinkled. Therefor it looks like the houses where people used to live. 

This building is called “Grand Palace”. There is a drawing of a god under the roof and it looks like the god is adventing .

This is “Central temple”. It is at the top of the cliff so that it can see around the whole Tulum city. It is the most popular building in Tulum city.

Also the location of Tulum city is so good, you can see the Caribbean sea behind the heritages. The wind was really strong but the emerald green ocean is really beautiful. Since there is also a beach behind the heritage, it is so popular among sightseers.

This standing on the cliff is called “Wind temple”. It is said that this building protects the beautiful Tulum beach.

The reason why the location of Tulum city is just by the sea is that Tulum city’s role was a port city for Coba city. It is said that Obsidian was especially mainly traded here.

Some beach near the city is still protected for sea turtles to give birth.

There are so many Iguanas. I found more here than in Chichen Itza.

The main temple and an iguana.

An iguana near the entrace.

I also saw a squirrel.

A squirrel eating an acorn?

In Chichen Itza, each building is big and really powerful and that is attractive to people. In Tulum, buildings are less powerful comparing with Chichen Itza since it prospered as a port city, the combinations of heritages and the beautiful Caribbean sea is so marvelous. You can enjoy sightseeing and the resort!

If you go to Playa Del Carmen, Tulum could be the place you have to visit.

There are all I can share about the Mayan civillization and heritages.

Thank you so much for reading!

海外旅行メキシコ編:メキシコの世界遺産、トゥルム遺跡観光は必須。チチェン・イッツァと合わせて見ておきたいトゥルム遺跡を紹介

皆さん、こんにちは!Kazです。

前回の記事では、マヤ文明を象徴する遺跡としてチチェン・イッツァについて紹介しました。

【海外旅行メキシコ編:世界遺産】メキシコの歴史が分かる!マヤ文明の遺跡巡り

今回は、もう一つ自分が訪れたマヤ文明の遺跡であるトゥルム遺跡について紹介します。

プラヤデルカルメンからバンが出ていて、乗り換えもなく簡単に行けます。

自分はトゥルム遺跡までは、セノーテでダイビングを終えて、そこからバスで行きました。午前はセノーテダイビング、午後はマヤ遺跡巡りって感じ。

なんとも贅沢で充実した1日でした。セノーテって何と思われた方は、こちらをご覧ください。

【海外旅行メキシコ編:セノーテダイビング】メキシコに行くならセノーテダイビングは絶対におすすめ!プラヤデルカルメンで見た絶景について

 

では、トゥルム遺跡について紹介していきます。

 

■ トゥルム遺跡

まず、最初にトゥルム遺跡の歴史について少し書くと、マヤ文明の末期(13世紀〜15世紀)に城壁都市として栄えた都市です。

トゥルムはマヤ人によって造られ、スペインがメキシコを侵略した後も約70年間を生き延びたと言われており、最後は、スペインからの移民による感染症が原因で終焉を迎えたそう。当時この町には、1,000〜1,600人程度の人が暮らしていたと言われています(ウィキペディア参照)。

 

入り口で入場料を支払い、少し歩くと遺跡への案内板が出ています。ここでは風の神殿を案内していますね。

ジャングルの中にいるよう。しばらく歩きます。

「トゥルム」という言葉ですが「バリケード」や「壁」といった意味をもっており、実際行ってみて遺跡が壁に囲まれていました。遺跡に入るために小さなトンネルをくぐります。

www.youtube.com

チチェン・イッツァは、大きな目玉遺跡が広い敷地に点在しているような感じですが、トゥルム遺跡では、動画を見てもらうとすこし分かると思いますが、草原のような場所に同じような形状の建物が散点していました。

過去はそのエリア一帯が住民の生活地域だったかのように、建物が似ているように感じました。

この建物は「大宮殿」と言われるもの。屋根の下には降臨する神が描かれています。

この建物は「中央神殿」と呼ばれる建物。

都市全体を守るように崖の上にあるトゥルム最大の建造物。トゥルム遺跡で最も人気がある建物です。

また、トゥルム遺跡のロケーションがとても良く、遺跡の先にはカリブ海が一面に広がっています。風がとても強いですが、エメラルドグリーンの海がめちゃくちゃ奇麗!

遺跡の裏側はビーチが広がっているため、観光客にも大人気。

この断崖絶壁にそびえたち、カリブ海を望む建物は「風の神殿」と呼ばれ、浜を守っているそうです。

奇麗な海沿いのロケーションとなっているのは、内陸にあるコバ遺跡のための港として役割を担っていたから。特に「黒曜石」の重要な取引拠点になっていたよう。

近くの海岸ではウミガメの産卵場所として保護されているところもあるようです。

 

■ 爬虫類好きはぜひトゥルム遺跡へ

ここにもイグアナがたくさん、チチェン・イッツァよりも多かったように感じます。

中央神殿とイグアナ。

入口の近くにいたイグアナ。

野生のリスにも会えました。

ドングリ?を食べるリス。

チチェン・イッツァは1つ1つの遺跡が大きく迫力があり、多くの観光客を魅了していますが、トゥルムでは遺跡はチチェン・イッツァほど迫力はありませんが、港町として栄えた遺跡ということから、エメラルドグリーンのカリブ海とのコラボレーションがとても良い。リゾートもセットで楽しめますので、ぜひトゥルム遺跡へも足を運んでみて下さい!

マヤ遺跡の紹介は以上になります。次は何について書こうかな。乞うご期待!

読んで下さった皆さん、ありがとうございました! 

【Love traveling: World heritage in Mexico】Tours round Maya's historical sites, Chichen Itza

Hi, everyone!
This article is about the heritage of Mexico.
 

■ The civilization that prospered in Mexico

The north of the Yucatan peninsula I visited is one of the areas where the Mayan civilization prospered.
Some cities such as Chichen Itza, Uxmal, and Mayapan were built during the same era (Wikipedia).
Talking about heritages, I think the most widely-known heritages are Chichen Itza, Tulum and Coba. I would like to introduce Chichen Itza and Tulum.

I hope you can learn something new.

■ Where is Chichen Itza and what is that exactly?

Chichen Itza is one of the heritages of Maya’s civilization.

Chichen Itza means “at the mouth of the well of the Itza” and it is the symbol of Maya’s sacrifices civilization.

After it was registered as a world heritage in 1988, it has been visited by so many people like during that time when I visited.

It is located just in the middle of the Yucatan peninsula.

You can apply for a tour going to Chichen Itza in Cancun or Playa Del Carmen.

I was asked to join a tour many times by touts when I walked on streets and they all have the tour going to Chichen Itza.

So you don’t need to book a tour in advence. However, since the prices are different, you should check some shops and compare.

I went to Chichen Itza from Cancun by a bus and I remember it probably took about 3 hours.

We went to a souvenir shop and had lunch there on the way to Chichen Itza.

All stuff were exactly like Mexico.

Do you know what this is?

At first, I thought it is just a wall with many faces carved on it but the tour guide said these each face is Maya’s hieroglyph.

We can guess the same face has the same meaning. I thought it was awesome that someone carved exactly the same face.

■ A pyramid which symbolizes Maya’s civilization, El Castillo

The first thing that you see in Chichen Itza is this.

This is the most famous pyramid named El Castillo. It is said that it worships Kukulcan, the Maya’s supreme god.
It was my first time to see a pyramid in my life. The weather is perfect and also the scene is so great, isn’t it?
A building behind Castillo is Temple de los Guerreros.
There are 91 steps on the staires on each of the four sides around Castillo. When we include the last one step to the God temple, the total number of steps is 365, corresponding to the days of a year.

The god Kukulkan is like a sneak with wings.

It is a little bit hard to see but there are heads of Kukulkan under the stairs on the lower right corner of this picture.

Actually the suprising thing about this pyramid is the way that Kukulkan appears during equinox. The position of the sun creates a shadow in the corner of pyramid which looks like the shadow body of Kukulkan. It seems like Kukulcan comes out of the pyramid. This is known as Kukulkan’s advent.

We can notice the fine design of the people who lived in this era are.

If you are interested, look up the Kukulkan’s advent.

■ Temple de los Guerreros

Next is Temple de los Guerreros.

Chacmool is lying at the upper entrance of temple.

As I already explained on my previous article about cenotes, it symbolizes the dead warriors and brings offerings such as sacrifices to god.

A thousand stone pillars surround the temple. Becase of this, it is called “Group of the Thousand Columns”. I don’t know if there are exactly a thousand pillars.

There are so many wild iguanas everywhere.

■ Playing Field

It is said people offered sacrifices so that they could get the blessing of the sun in the Mayan civilization.

In their civilization, being sacrificed was a very honorable thing and people decided who will be sacrificed by playing ball game.

I missed taking pictures here but I have a video.

www.youtube.com

It was really big.

I think you are wondering what king of game they played. It is said that the game was like soccer and basketball put together and split in half. It is a one-game match in which players are not allowed to use hands to shoot a ball into a basket hoop. The ball was made of rare tube.

I guess that winner became sacrificed since it was a very honorable thing. It was very wonderful that as I was standing on the playing field that prospered in the Mayan era, I imagined for a while how people played the game during that era.

Next time, I am going to write about Tulum heritage!

Thank you so much for reading!