【Love traveling: World heritage in Mexico】Tours round Maya's historical sites, Chichen Itza

Hi, everyone!
This article is about the heritage of Mexico.

■ The civilization that prospered in Mexico

The north of the Yucatan peninsula I visited is one of the areas where the Mayan civilization prospered.
Some cities such as Chichen Itza, Uxmal, and Mayapan were built during the same era (Wikipedia).
Talking about heritages, I think the most widely-known heritages are Chichen Itza, Tulum and Coba. I would like to introduce Chichen Itza and Tulum.

I hope you can learn something new.

■ Where is Chichen Itza and what is that exactly?

Chichen Itza is one of the heritages of Maya’s civilization.

Chichen Itza means “at the mouth of the well of the Itza” and it is the symbol of Maya’s sacrifices civilization.

After it was registered as a world heritage in 1988, it has been visited by so many people like during that time when I visited.

It is located just in the middle of the Yucatan peninsula.

You can apply for a tour going to Chichen Itza in Cancun or Playa Del Carmen.

I was asked to join a tour many times by touts when I walked on streets and they all have the tour going to Chichen Itza.

So you don’t need to book a tour in advence. However, since the prices are different, you should check some shops and compare.

I went to Chichen Itza from Cancun by a bus and I remember it probably took about 3 hours.

We went to a souvenir shop and had lunch there on the way to Chichen Itza.

All stuff were exactly like Mexico.

Do you know what this is?

At first, I thought it is just a wall with many faces carved on it but the tour guide said these each face is Maya’s hieroglyph.

We can guess the same face has the same meaning. I thought it was awesome that someone carved exactly the same face.

■ A pyramid which symbolizes Maya’s civilization, El Castillo

The first thing that you see in Chichen Itza is this.

This is the most famous pyramid named El Castillo. It is said that it worships Kukulcan, the Maya’s supreme god.
It was my first time to see a pyramid in my life. The weather is perfect and also the scene is so great, isn’t it?
A building behind Castillo is Temple de los Guerreros.
There are 91 steps on the staires on each of the four sides around Castillo. When we include the last one step to the God temple, the total number of steps is 365, corresponding to the days of a year.

The god Kukulkan is like a sneak with wings.

It is a little bit hard to see but there are heads of Kukulkan under the stairs on the lower right corner of this picture.

Actually the suprising thing about this pyramid is the way that Kukulkan appears during equinox. The position of the sun creates a shadow in the corner of pyramid which looks like the shadow body of Kukulkan. It seems like Kukulcan comes out of the pyramid. This is known as Kukulkan’s advent.

We can notice the fine design of the people who lived in this era are.

If you are interested, look up the Kukulkan’s advent.

■ Temple de los Guerreros

Next is Temple de los Guerreros.

Chacmool is lying at the upper entrance of temple.

As I already explained on my previous article about cenotes, it symbolizes the dead warriors and brings offerings such as sacrifices to god.

A thousand stone pillars surround the temple. Becase of this, it is called “Group of the Thousand Columns”. I don’t know if there are exactly a thousand pillars.

There are so many wild iguanas everywhere.

■ Playing Field

It is said people offered sacrifices so that they could get the blessing of the sun in the Mayan civilization.

In their civilization, being sacrificed was a very honorable thing and people decided who will be sacrificed by playing ball game.

I missed taking pictures here but I have a video.


It was really big.

I think you are wondering what king of game they played. It is said that the game was like soccer and basketball put together and split in half. It is a one-game match in which players are not allowed to use hands to shoot a ball into a basket hoop. The ball was made of rare tube.

I guess that winner became sacrificed since it was a very honorable thing. It was very wonderful that as I was standing on the playing field that prospered in the Mayan era, I imagined for a while how people played the game during that era.

Next time, I am going to write about Tulum heritage!

Thank you so much for reading!

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